Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Hungary`s agricultural industry in the 20th century, Impact of the Essay

Hungary`s agricultural industry in the 20th century, Impact of the Social System - Essay Example This paper presents the historical overview of the agricultural industry in Hungary, more specifically the industry in wool and sheep livestock, before and after the Second World War. The economic history of Hungary in the respect of the wool industry development, is indicating of the ineffectiveness of the central-planned economic system Prior to World War II Hungary was producing some 6,000 metric tons of wool for textile processing and export; post World War II that production dropped to 2,000 metric tons, but jumped back up to 4,000 metric tons in 1951. Post World War II Hungary’s economic directions were dictated by state planners. Poultry and eggs became export products during the late 1930s. Herds of sheep and other livestock decreased and a reduction in the farmland devoted to fodder was observed. Hungary had rich farmlands, while the Soviet Central Asian countries had a more harsh environment, suitable to raising sheep for wool and wool exports. Recent developments as cited by the OECD indicate that there are new markets opening for the textile industry, and, like any other nation, Hungary has an opportunity to avail itself of that opportunity, and return to a pre World War II economic way of life that served it well. The model for income food consumption relationship values by Rask and Rask is analyzed. The impact of economic development on consumption of food products depends heavily on the level of per capita income, as demonstrated by the Engel Curve. In order for Hungary to sustain a viable wool production industry, it would have, using the model, calculate the animal product CEs of feeds consumed by those animals in correlation to the production of consumable livestock yield.

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